New York, NY (Top40 Charts)
Jim Stubblefield - well-known for his Latin-style acoustic guitar playing with the popular touring and recording group Incendio that he co-founded - unveils a new solo recording, Encantado, that demonstrates his versatility as a guitarist, composer and arranger. The album title derives from his appreciation of folklore and fantasy.
Encantado is a term that means charm, enchantment and even intimacy. It appears in Brazilian folklore as the general designation for a legend that begins in an underwater realm called "Encante" and encompasses mythical creatures including spirit beings, shape-shifting snakes and especially the "boto encantado" pink dolphin that lives in the Amazon River and its tributaries (the myth says that the boto is able to turn into a human form). There are tales of the dolphin attending dances and celebrations in villages along the rivers, and having intimate relations with humans (some South Americans claim to be related to the boto). The Encantado album cover illustration depicts a guitar next to a Brazilian river with a snake and pink dolphin.
"It's a legend believed by many people who live deep in the Brazilian rain forests," says Stubblefield. "I love that type of folklore. It obviously evolved from tribes swimming in rivers with friendly and playful dolphins. Encantado is an enchanting, mystical tale that I thought would serve as a good album title."
Even though the Encantado recording features plenty of the Latin-style nylon-string acoustic-guitar-playing that Stubblefield has become known for on five previous solo albums and eight albums with his group Incendio, the new CD also subtly stretches beyond simply offering Latin music. While some of the tunes have the classic nuevo flamenco sound ("Puesta del Sol"), others offer hints and flavors of Arabic ("Beyond the Horizon"), Celtic ("Highland Dreams"), Middle Eastern ("Odyssey of Fire"), progressive-rock ("Phrygian Suite, Op. 1"), and neo-classical ("Terra e Sole").
"With Incendio, the group makes decisions about the music, and we create a very specific sound that is a true collaboration," explains Stubblefield. "But with my solo albums, I compose all the music and I like to reach out to other musical styles that I am interested in and incorporate some of what they have to offer. On Encantado I play not only nylon-string guitar, but also some steel-string and electric guitar as well as keyboards. I also brought in some excellent guest musicians who help take the music in new and exciting directions. Even though I play guitar on every composition, on some of them I decided to feature the viola playing the main melody or spotlight some female wordless vocalizing."
On Encantado, Stubblefield is joined by Randy Tico (Strunz & Farah, Flora Purim & Airto) on bass, Novi Novog (David Arkenstone, Prince, Michael Jackson, Frank Zappa) on viola and violin, Ramon
Yslas (Luis Villegas, Strunz & Farah, David
Sanborn, Christine Aguilera) on percussion, and Moksha Sommer (member of the neo-folk and world-rock group HuDost) on vocals. Guesting on one tune each are guitarists Eric Hansen and Mark Barnwell.
Stubblefield's solo recordings are November, Cities of Gold, Rhythm of the Heart, Guitarra Exotica, Inspiracion and Encantado. His albums with Incendio (incendioband dot com) are Misterioso, Illumination, Intimo, Incendio, Dia Y Noche (also available as a DVD), Seduction, Vihuela and The Shape of Dreams. More information on Stubblefield is available at his website (guitarraexotica dot com). His music - CDs or digital download tracks from those recordings - are available at online sales sites such as CDbaby, Amazon, iTunes, eMusic, Rhapsody and many others.
Stubblefield was born and raised in Pasadena, California (and now lives about 30 miles north of Los Angeles). He started taking acoustic guitar lessons when he was eight-years-old and especially enjoyed playing songs by The Beatles. In high school he became enamored with British progressive rock bands such as Yes and Genesis, and heavy metal groups (Iron Maiden, Judas Priest), and at 17 started playing electric guitar. But Stubblefield also enjoyed the jazz-fusion stylings of guitarists such as Al Di Meola ("His blending of world-fusion and Latin-rock with improvisation was a huge influence"), John McLaughlin and Pat Metheny.
While attending the University of Redlands in Southern California, where he earned BA Degrees in both English and History, he played in a rock band that performed the hits of that era (INXS, U2, Duran Duran, The Cure). In addition, Stubblefield took music classes and jazz guitar lessons. After college he worked at the popular television show Entertainment Tonight
for a year in the research department, but was pulled back to music. He took an intensive one-year program at the Musicians Institute
in Hollywood where Al Di Meola gave a Masters Class. "That's when I knew I wanted to pursue a career in music."
Stubblefield met Waleed Hamad from Kuwait, who played oud (a fretless Mid-Eastern lute) and who had performed with Ben Harper. Stubblefield and Hamad formed a duo, wrote their own material, and began gigging around Southern California. Stubblefield, now back on acoustic steel-string guitar, began absorbing the world music sounds of acts such as Shakti, Strunz & Farah, Paco de Lucia and artists from India
and Greece. "Audiences loved our sound and I realized there is a market for world-fusion music." In 1994 Stubblefield recorded and released his first album. In 1995 he switched to nylon-string Spanish-style guitar as his primary instrument. "I loved the sound and I knew I needed to put my energy into it." His third album, Rhythm of the Heart, was nominated as "Acoustic Album of the Year" by New Age Voice. His music also appeared on Neurodisc/Priority Record's compilation CD Pure Flamenco: Nuevo Flamenco Passion.
In late 1999 Stubblefield co-founded the Latin guitar oriented world music group Incendio with bassist Liza Carbe and guitarist Jean-Pierre Durand. They soon became a best-selling recording act, a popular concert attraction, and a group whose albums hit the Billboard, NAV and CMJ charts.
"Once Incendio got rolling I realized my solo projects were perfect opportunities for me to explore different directions musically. My solo career is a counter-balance to the group. My solo albums have been fairly diverse. I sort of stated my mission with the title of Guitarra Exotica in 2007 because I wanted my guitar to sound exotic but not tied necessarily to one style or culture. That album has some similarities to Encantado because on both I featured Novi Novog playing the viola as a main instrument on many of the tunes, with Randy Tico contributing a lot of fretless bass. Then Inspiracion in 2010 was completely different because it was a very stripped-down recording with just me on Spanish guitar, Randy on fretless bass and Bryan Brock on percussion. Now on Encantado I purposely went in a different direction with a big sound, full production, a variety of compositional styles, a blend of influences, and exciting interplay between the musicians."
With Encantado, he says, "There are a certain number of Latin rhumba rhythms, but those are balanced with Arabic or Celtic inspirations. I have played Spanish-styled guitar throughout my career, but I am not a true flamenco guitarist. I bring in too many other influences. 'Corazon de Fuego' is gypsy-sounding. 'Terra e Sole' has a classical feel with the violin spotlighted. 'Odyssey of Fire' has Moroccan-style violin while I explore some jazz-fusion. 'Phyrgian Suite, Op. 1' is a nine-minute epic tip-of-the-hat to those long prog-rock songs I always loved with lots of different sections. It's part Middle-Eastern, part old-school Al Di Meola, and part Enya meets Game of Thrones."
According to Stubblefield, "My solo recordings are my personal vision, generally experimenting within the world-fusion genre, but not always strictly Latin. I take a little more of a cinematic approach on some pieces. Groups like Led Zeppelin
demonstrated to me that it's okay to have some pretty diverse music on each album."