Francis Albert "Frank" Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer and film actor. Beginning his musical career in the swing era as a boy singer with Harry James and Tommy Dorsey, Sinatra found unprecedented success as a solo artist from the early to mid-1940s after being signed by Columbia Records in 1943. Being the idol of the "bobby soxers", he released his first album, The Voice of Frank Sinatra in 1946. His professional career had stalled by the early 1950s, but it was reborn in 1953 after he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in From Here to Eternity. He signed with Capitol Records in 1953 and released several critically lauded albums (such as In the Wee Small Hours, Songs for Swingin' Lovers!, Come Fly with Me, Only the Lonely and Nice 'n' Easy). Sinatra left Capitol to found his own record label, Reprise Records in 1961 (finding success with albums such as Ring-a-Ding-Ding!, Sinatra at the Sands and Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim), toured internationally, was a founding member of the Rat Pack and fraternized with celebrities and statesmen, including John F. Kennedy.
Sinatra turned 50 in 1965, recorded the retrospective September of My Years, starred in the Emmy-winning television special Frank Sinatra: A Man and His Music, and scored hits with "Strangers in the Night" and "My Way". With sales of his music dwindling and after appearing in several poorly received films, Sinatra retired for the first time in 1971. Two years later, however, he came out of retirement and from 1973 recorded several albums, scoring a Top 40 hit with "(Theme From) New York, New York" in 1980. Using his Las Vegas shows as a home base, he toured both within the United States and internationally, until a short time before his death in 1998. Sinatra also forged a highly successful career as a film actor. After winning Best Supporting Actor in 1953, he also garnered a nomination for Best Actor for The Man with the Golden Arm, and critical acclaim for his performance in The Manchurian Candidate. He also starred in such musicals as High Society, Pal Joey, Guys and Dolls and On the Town.
Sinatra is one of the best-selling artists of all time. He was honored at the Kennedy Center Honors in 1983 and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Ronald Reagan in 1985 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1997. Sinatra was also the recipient of eleven Grammy Awards, including the Grammy Trustees Award, Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
Sinatra enjoyed a huge film career and began making movies almost as soon as his singing career took off. His most important pictures, among many others spanning most of his lengthy career, include:
The Manchurian Candidate with Angela Lansbury
From Here to Eternity with Burt Lancaster
Suddenly with Sterling Hayden
The Man with the Golden Arm with Arnold Stang
Kings Go Forth with Natalie Wood
Guys and Dolls with Marlon Brando
High Society with Bing Crosby
Pal Joey with Rita Hayworth
Some Came Running with Dean Martin
Never So Few with Steve McQueen
A Hole in the Head with Edward G. Robinson
Meet Danny Wilson
On the Town with Gene Kelly
Robin and the 7 Hoods with Bing Crosby
Ocean's 11 and Sergeants 3 with the Rat Pack (Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr., Peter Lawford, and Joey Bishop)
None But the Brave (directed by Sinatra)
The Detective with Lee Remick
Come Blow Your Horn with Lee J. Cobb and Barbara Rush
The Pride and the Passion starring Cary Grant
Frank Sinatra Conducts the Music of Alec Wilder - 1946 The Voice of Frank Sinatra - 1948 Christmas Songs by Sinatra - 1948 Frankly Sentimental - 1949 Songs by Sinatra - 1950 Dedicated to You - 1950 Sing and Dance with Frank Sinatra - 1950 Songs for Young Lovers - 1954 Swing Easy! - 1954 In the Wee Small Hours - 1955 Frank Sinatra Conducts Tone Poems of Color - 1956 Songs for Swingin' Lovers! - 1956 Close To You - 1957 A Swingin' Affair! - 1957 The Man I Love - 1957 Where Are You? - 1957 A Jolly Christmas from Frank Sinatra - 1957 Come Fly With Me - 1958 Frank Sinatra Sings for Only the Lonely - 1958 Come Dance With Me! - 1959 No One Cares - 1959 Sleep Warm - 1959 Nice 'n' Easy - 1960 Sinatra's Swingin' Session!!! - 1961 Ring-a-Ding-Ding! - 1961 Come Swing with Me! - 1961 Swing Along with Me - 1961 I Remember Tommy... - 1961 Point of No Return - 1962 Sinatra and Strings - 1962 Sinatra and Swingin' Brass - 1962 Frank Sinatra Conducts Music from Pictures and Plays - 1962 Sinatra Sings Great Songs from Great Britain - 1962 All Alone - 1962 Sinatra-Basie: An Historic Musical First - 1963 The Concert Sinatra - 1963 Sinatra's Sinatra - 1963 "Sinatra Sings Days of Wine and Roses - Moon River - and Other Academy Award Winners " - 1964 It Might as Well Be Swing - 1964 "America - I Hear You Singing " - 1964 "Softly - as I Leave You " - 1964 September of My Years - 1965 My Kind of Broadway - 1965 A Man and His Music - 1965 Moonlight Sinatra - 1966 Strangers in the Night - 1966 That's Life - 1966 Francis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim - 1967 The World We Knew - 1967 Francis A. & Edward K. - 1968 The Sinatra Family Wish You a Merry Christmas - 1968 Cycles - 1968 My Way - 1969 A Man Alone: The Words and Music of McKuen - 1969 Watertown - 1970 Sinatra & Company - 1971 Ol' Blue Eyes Is Back - 1973 Some Nice Things I've Missed - 1974 Trilogy: Past Present Future - 1980 She Shot Me Down - 1982 Syms by Sinatra - 1982 L.A. Is My Lady - 1984 Duets - 1993 Duets II - 1994 Live albums - Sinatra at the Sands - 1966 The Main Event – Live - 1974 Sinatra Saga - 1994 "Sinatra Saga - Vol. 2 " - 1994 Sinatra & Sextet: Live in Paris - 1994 Sinatra 80th: Live in Concert - 1995 "Frank Sinatra with the Red Norvo Quintet: Live in Australia - 1959 " - 1997 Sinatra ’57 in Concert - 1999 Live from Las Vegas - 2005 Sinatra: Vegas - 2006 Frank Sinatra: The Greatest Concerts - 2008 Live at the Meadowlands - 2009 Sinatra: New York - 2009 Best of Vegas - 2011 Compilation albums - This Is Sinatra! - 1956 This Is Sinatra Volume 2 - 1958 Look to Your Heart - 1959 All the Way - 1961 Sinatra Sings of Love and Things - 1962 Sinatra '65: The Singer Today - 1965 Frank Sinatra's Greatest Hits - 1968 "Frank Sinatra's Greatest Hits - Vol. 2 " - 1972 Portrait of Sinatra - Forty Songs from the Life of a Man - 1977 Sinatra–Jobim Sessions - 1979 "The Voice: Frank Sinatra - the Columbia Years (1943–1952) " - 1986 New York New York: His Greatest Hits - 1987 "All-Time Greatest Dorsey/Sinatra Hits - Vol. 1-4 " - 1988 Capitol Collectors Series - 1989 The Reprise Collection - 1990 The Capitol Years - 1990 Sinatra Reprise: The Very Good Years - 1991 Sinatra Sings the Songs of Van Heusen & Cahn - 1991 Sinatra: Soundtrack To The CBS Mini-Series - 1992 Concepts - 1992 The Best of the Capitol Years - 1992 The Columbia Years 1943–1952: The Complete Recordings - 1993 The Golden Days of Radio - 1994 The Song Is You - 1994 The Essence of Frank Sinatra - 1994 My Shining Hour - 1994 1946: Old Gold Shows - 1994 The Columbia Years 1943–1952: The V-Discs - 1994 16 Most Requested Songs - 1995 I've Got a Crush on You - 1995 Gold Collection - 1995 Frank Sinatra Sings the Select Johnny Mercer - 1995 Christmas Through the Years - 1995 Frank Sinatra Sings the Select Rodgers & Hart - 1995 The Complete Recordings Nineteen Thirty-Nine - 1995 Sinatra 80th: All the Best - 1995 The Complete Reprise Studio Recordings - 1995 The Complete Capitol Singles Collection - 1996 Everything Happens to Me - 1996 Frank Sinatra Sings the Select Cole Porter - 1996 Frank Sinatra Sings the Select Sammy Cahn - 1996 Greatest Hits: Early Years - 1996 Screen Sinatra - 1996 Christmas Gift Collection - 1997 "Frank Sinatra Remembers the Movies - 1943-1946 " - 1997 The Very Best of Frank Sinatra - 1997 Frank Sinatra Sings His Greatest Hits - 1997 Night and Day - 1997 Portrait of Sinatra: Columbia Classics - 1997 Gold - 1998 Frank Sinatra & the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra - 1998 Lucky Numbers - 1998 The Capitol Years - 1998 The Best of the Columbia Years: 1943–1952 - 1998 Classic Sinatra: His Greatest Performances 1953–1960 - 2000 Super Hits - 2000 Reprise Musical Repertory Theatre - 2000 My Way: The Best of Frank Sinatra - 2000 Love Songs - 2001 Christmas with the Rat Pack - 2002 Frank Sinatra in Hollywood 1940–1964 - 2002 Classic Duets - 2002 All or Nothing at All - 2002 Sinatra Sings Cole Porter - 2003 The Real Complete Columbia Years V-Discs - 2003 The Platinum Collection - 2004 Frank Sinatra Christmas Collection - 2004 Romance - 2004 The World of Frank Sinatra - 2005 Duets/Duets II: 90th Birthday Limited Collector's Edition - 2005 The Essence of Frank Sinatra - 2006 Romance: Songs from the Heart - 2007 Greatest Love Songs - 2008 Sinatra at the Movies - 2008 Nothing But the Best - 2008 From the Heart - 2009 Seduction: Sinatra Sings of Love - 2009 Classic Sinatra II - 2009 Christmas with Sinatra & Friends - 2009 36 Greatest Hits! - 2010 Come Fly Away - 2010 Sinatra/Jobim: The Complete Reprise Recordings - 2010 Frank Sinatra: The Reprise Years - 2010 Sinatra/Basie: The Complete Reprise Studio Recordings - 2011 Sinatra: Best of the Best - 2011