NASHVILLE, TN. (CMA) - The Country Music
Association has announced that groundbreaking musical group Alabama, legendary singer/musician/television host Glen Campbell
and pioneering Grand Ole Opry star DeFord Bailey will become the newest members of the coveted Country Music
Hall of Fame.
Formal induction for the artists will take place during "The 39th Annual CMA Awards," which will be broadcast live on the CBS Television Network, Tuesday, Nov. 15 (8:00-11:00 PM/EST) from Madison Square
Garden in New York City.
Bailey will be inducted in the "Career Achieved National Prominence Prior to World War II" category, which is awarded every third year in a rotation with the "Recording and/or Touring Musician Active Prior to 1980" and "Non-Performer" categories. Campbell will be inducted in the "Career Achieved National Prominence Between World War II and 1975" category; and Alabama will be the first artist inducted in the new "Career Achieved National Prominence Between 1975 and the Present" category created earlier this year. All inductees are chosen by CMA's Hall of Fame panel of electors, consisting of more than 300 anonymous voters appointed by the CMA Board of Directors. Alabama, Campbell and Bailey will increase the Hall of Fame membership from 92 to 95.
"A Country Music artist's highest aspiration is to be inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame," said Ed Benson, CMA Executive Director. "The late DeFord Bailey was a star of the Grand Ole Opry during the Great Depression, lifting America's spirits with his harmonica. Glen Campbell brought Country Music to millions of fans in the late '60s and '70s with his numerous classic crossover hits as well as his successful television variety series. Alabama brought a new energy and a broader audience to Country Music in the '80s, becoming the most successful band in our format's history. CMA is proud to induct all three artists into the Country Music Hall of Fame where they will join an elite group of performers and industry veterans who have significantly shaped Country Music over the last century."
Alabama - In Fort Payne, Ala., cousins Randy Owen (lead vocals, rhythm guitar), Teddy Gentry (bass guitar, harmony vocals) and Jeff Cook (lead guitar, keyboards, fiddle, harmony vocals) teamed in the late '60s to form several bands including Young Country and Wildcountry. The trio, along with a number of different drummers, honed their skills in nightclubs across the Southeast. Changing their name to Alabama in 1977 and adding drummer Mark Herndon in 1979, the band solidified their lineup and soon signed with RCA Records, where they have remained throughout their amazing career.
Alabama met immediate success with radio and the fans. Their first RCA album, My Home's In Alabama, was released in May 1980; featured the hit title cut as well as "Tennessee River" and "Why Lady Why;" and was certified Double Platinum by the RIAA for more than two million units sold. Their sophomore album, Feels So Right, was certified Quadruple Platinum for more than four million units sold; and contained the hits "Old Flame," "Love in the First Degree" and the title cut. Mountain Music, the band's third album, was certified Quintuple Platinum for more than five million units sold; and produced the hits "Take Me Down," "Close Enough To Perfect" and the title cut. The band continued to release hit albums and singles throughout the '80s and '90s, producing 42 No. 1 hit singles. Additional hits include "Roll On," "If You're Gonna Play In Texas," "The Closer You Get," "Dixieland Delight," "Lady Down On Love," "Song of the South," "Forever's As Far As I'll Go," "I'm In A Hurry," "Angels Among Us," "In Pictures" and many more.
Alabama was more than just a collection of great musicians. The four members of Alabama co-produced every album, showcasing their skills both in front of the microphone and behind the mixing board. Owen wrote several of the classic Alabama hits, including "Tennessee River," "Feels So Right," "Mountain Music," and "Lady Down On Love." Owen and Gentry co-wrote several hits, including "My Home's In Alabama" and "Dancin', Shaggin' on the Boulevard." And Gentry and Cook both contributed songs featured on many of the albums.
Alabama created a new standard on tour, utilizing state-of-the-art production similar to what the top rock and pop acts of the day were using. Their music and high-energy stage shows brought Country Music a new young audience who enjoyed Lynyrd Skynyrd and Yes as much as Waylon Jennings and Dolly Parton. Alabama's success paved the way for many other top Country Music groups such as Diamond Rio, Dixie Chicks, Lonestar, Rascal Flatts and Restless Heart.
With more than 65 million albums sold, Alabama is the best selling Country Music group of all time. They are among the top-five best-selling Country Music acts of all time; and among the 20 best-selling recording acts of all time in the United States. The band has sold more albums in the United States than Boston, Chicago, Eric Clapton, The Doors, Bob Dylan, Foreigner and Journey, among others. Alabama has received nine CMA Awards including the first ever three consecutive wins as Entertainer of the Year (1982-1984); Album of the Year in 1983 for The Closer You Get; Vocal Group of the Year (1981-1983); and Instrumental Group of the Year (1981 and 1982). Throughout their career, they have received more than 150 industry awards, and were named "Country Group of the Century" by the RIAA in 1999.
Alabama retired from the road after a sold-out 2003-2004 Farewell Tour. A career-spanning 25th Anniversary Box Set will be released in early 2006.
Glen Campbell - Born in Delight, Ark. in 1936, Campbell received his first guitar at the age of four. While studying the recordings of jazz guitarists Barney Kessel and Django Reinhardt, Campbell learned to sing at church. At age 14 he began performing in Country Music bands across Arkansas, New Mexico and Texas; at age 18 his band, the Western Wranglers, toured the South; and at age 22 he moved to Los Angeles to become a session musician.
During the early '60s, Campbell played guitar on records for The Association, Bobby Darin, Merle Haggard, Dean Martin, The Mamas and the Papas, The Monkees, Ricky Nelson, Elvis Presley, Frank Sinatra and many others. He released a couple of pop singles on the Crest and Capitol labels with limited success. He also sang and played guitar on "Kentucky Means Paradise" by the Green River Boys, which became a Top-20 Country hit in 1962. In 1965, Campbell became a touring member of the Beach Boys for several months after Brian Wilson retired from the road.
Capitol Records, the label home of the Beach Boys, soon offered Campbell his own recording contract, and in 1967, he hit No. 18 on the Country charts with "Burning Bridges." Although promoted as a Country artist, Campbell quickly became a popular crossover artist. "Gentle On My Mind" hit the Top-40 of both the Country and pop charts; and "By The Time I Get To Phoenix" reached No. 2 on the Country chart and No. 26 on the pop chart. His successful singles continued with "I Wanna Live" and "Dreams of the Everyday Housewife."
CBS Television made Campbell a household name in 1968 when "The Glen Campbell Good-Time Hour" debuted on the air. For four years, Campbell hosted his successful television series, introducing musical talents such as John Hartford and Jerry Reed to the nation. During this time Campbell remained a dominant force on the radio with "Wichita Lineman," "Galveston," "Try A Little Kindness" and other hit songs. He recorded duets with Bobbie Gentry, resulting in two hit remakes of the Everly Brothers classics "Let It Be Me" and "All I Have To Do Is Dream." In 1969, he made his film debut in the John Wayne classic "True Grit." And in 1972, he hosted "The Sixth Annual CMA Awards," which was broadcast on CBS.
In 1975, Campbell topped both the Country and pop charts with the song that would become his signature tune, "Rhinestone Cowboy." He continued to have Top-10 success on the Country charts with singles such as "Country Boy (You Got Your Feet In L.A.)" and "Don't Pull Your Love/Then You Can Tell Him Goodbye" before returning to the No. 1 spot on both the Country and pop charts with "Southern Nights" in 1977.
Throughout the '80s, Campbell remained a presence on Country radio with songs such as "Faithless Love," "A Lady Like You," "The Hand That Rocks The Cradle," "I Have You" and "She's Gone, Gone, Gone." Moving into the '90s, Campbell recorded inspirational music and performed regularly at his Goodtime Theater in Branson, Mo. He published his autobiography, Rhinestone Cowboy, in 1994.
Over more than four decades, Campbell placed more than 75 songs on the Country charts; 35 of which crossed over to the pop charts. He received CMA Awards in 1968, for Entertainer and Male Vocalist of the Year. He received a Double Platinum, 5 Platinum and 12 Gold album certifications from the RIAA. He also received Gold single certifications for "Wichita Lineman," "Galveston," "Rhinestone Cowboy" and "Southern Nights."
DeFord Bailey - Born in Smith County, Tenn. in 1899, Bailey suffered from infantile paralysis, which left him with a deformed back and only allowed him to grow to an eventual height of 4 feet 10 inches. Bailey's father and uncle were noted musicians who played what they referred to as "black hillbilly music." They taught young Bailey to play banjo, fiddle, guitar and, what would become his signature instrument, harmonica.
Bailey began playing harmonica professionally around Smith County at age 14, and moved to Nashville in 1925. Around this time he met Dr. Humphrey Bate, a respected physician and harmonica player who introduced Bailey to George D. Hay. Hay, who was known as "The Solemn Old Judge," was both announcer and booking agent for the WSM Barn Dance. Bate's support was instrumental in Bailey being accepted as the first African American artist to join the national radio show. In 1927, the WSM Barn Dance was renamed the Grand Ole Opry with Bailey becoming one of the radio show's first solo stars. He performed on 49 of the 52 Opry programs during its first year under the new name, more than any other artist.
Bailey recorded albums in the late '20s on labels including Brunswick, Columbia and Victor. His recordings are critically viewed as the first decently recorded examples of harmonica playing, and his best-known songs were "John Henry," "Fox Chase," "Muscle Shoals Blues" and his signature tune "Pan American Blues." His success helped create opportunities for other harmonica players to record and perform across the country. In addition to recording and performing on the Opry, Bailey often worked road shows with other Opry acts during the '30s, including opening for Roy Acuff as well as a package tour with Uncle Dave Macon.
Bailey left the music industry in 1941. He returned to the Grand Ole Opry stage in 1974 to inaugurate the First Annual Old Timers Show. In 1982, he passed away at the age of 83. Bailey's pioneering efforts have been an inspiration to many, including fellow Country Music Hall of Fame member Charley Pride.
COUNTRY MUSIC HALL OF FAME INDUCTEES
Jimmie Rodgers: 1961 Roy Rogers: 1988
Fred Rose: 1961 Loretta Lynn: 1988
Hank Williams: 1961 Jack Stapp: 1989
Roy Acuff: 1962 Cliffie Stone: 1989
Tex Ritter: 1964 Hank Thompson: 1989
Ernest Tubb: 1965 Tennessee Ernie Ford: 1990
Eddy Arnold: 1966 Boudleaux and Felice Bryant: 1991
James R. Denny: 1966 George Jones: 1992
George D. Hay: 1966 Frances William Preston: 1992
Uncle Dave Macon: 1966 Willie Hugh Nelson: 1993
Red Foley: 1967 Merle Haggard: 1994
J.L. (Joe) Frank: 1967 Roger Miller: 1995
Jim Reeves: 1967 Jo Walker-Meador: 1995
Steven H. Sholes: 1967 Patsy Montana: 1996
Bob Wills: 1968 Buck Owens: 1996
Gene Autry: 1969 Ray Price: 1996
Bill Monroe: 1970 Harlan Howard: 1997
Original Carter Family: 1970 Brenda Lee: 1997
(A.P. Carter, Maybelle Carter,
Arthur Edward Satherly: 1971 Cindy Walker: 1997
Jimmie H. Davis: 1972 George Morgan: 1998
Chet Atkins: 1973 Elvis Presley: 1998
Patsy Cline: 1973 Bud Wendell: 1998
Owen Bradley: 1974 Tammy Wynette: 1998
Frank "Pee Wee" King: 1974 Dolly Parton: 1999
Minnie Pearl: 1975 Conway Twitty: 1999
Paul Cohen: 1976 Johnny Bond: 1999
Kitty Wells: 1976 Faron Young: 2000
Merle Travis: 1977 Charley Pride: 2000
Grandpa Jones: 1978 Bill Anderson: 2001
Hank Snow: 1979 The Delmore Brothers: 2001 (Alton Delmore, Rabon Delmore)
Hubert Long: 1979 The Everly Brothers: 2001 (Don Everly, Phil Everly)
Johnny Cash: 1980 Don Gibson: 2001
Connie B. Gay: 1980 Homer and Jethro: 2001 (Henry "Homer" Haynes, Kenneth "Jethro" Burns)
Original Sons of the Pioneers: 1980 Waylon Jennings: 2001
(Hugh Farr, Karl Farr, Bob Nolan,
Lloyd Perryman, Roy Rogers, Tim Spencer) The Jordonaires: 2001 (Hoyt Hawkins, Neal Matthews, Jr., Gordon Stoker, Ray Walker)
Vernon Dalhart: 1981 Don Law: 2001
Grant Turner: 1981 The Louvin Brothers: 2001 (Charlie Louvin, Ira Louvin)
Lefty Frizzell: 1982 Ken Nelson: 2001
Roy Horton: 1982 Sam Phillips: 2001
Marty Robbins: 1982 Webb Pierce: 2001
Little Jimmy Dickens: 1983 Bill Carlisle: 2002
Ralph Sylvester Peer: 1984 Porter Wagoner: 2002
Floyd Tillman: 1984 Floyd Cramer: 2003
Flatt and Scruggs: 1985 Carl Smith: 2003
(Lester Flatt, Earl Scruggs)
Benjamin F. Ford: 1986 Jim Foglesong 2004
Wesley H. Rose: 1986 Kris Kristofferson 2004
Rod Brasfield: 1987